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Medical Terminology

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This page consist of online training for EMS personnel.  The subject of training is "Medical Terminology".  To see more training topics,  Click Here!



Welcome to our Medical Terminology page.   This page will consist of mostly pre-hospital medical terminology.   The different sections of terminology on this page will be in table format for eaiser reading.   Each section of terminology tables will be preceded by a short description of terminology types.   Feel free to save or print this page for future reference.   Should you have any questions,  comments,  or any type of additions for this page,  please let us know.   We hope this page is of use and please let us know of any other type of material you would like added to our site!!

All words have a word root that serves as the foundation of the word.   The word root of a medical term usually indicates the tissue,  organ,  or body system that is involved.   The following Word Roots Table will illustrate some of the common word roots.


COMMON WORD ROOTS
RootMeaning
brachi`arm
carp`wrist
cephal`head
chondr`cartilage
cyst`bladder
encephal`brain
fiber`fibers
gastr`stomach
glosstongue
later`side
my`muscle
mel`limb
nas`nose
nephr`kidney
oss`bone
ot`ear
phelb`vein
somat`body
thorac`chest
ventr`front
viscer`viscera

The Prefix is attached to the beginning of a word and can never stand alone.   It is placed before verbs,  nouns,  and adjectives to change or modify their meanings.   The following Table will illustrate some of the Common Pre Hospital Prefixes.

COMMON PREFIXES
PrefixMeaning
a`, an`not, without
ab`away from
ad`to, toward
ana`up, toward
anti`against
auto`self
bi`two, double
brady`slow
circum`around
co`, con`with, together
contra`opposed, against
de`down, from
di`two, twice
dis`apart
ec`, ecto`outer
ep`, epion, upon
hyper`excessive
hypo`under, low
inter`between
para`beside
retro`backward
super`above
trans`across

The Suffix is sometimes referred to as the terminal element or as the word ending.   The Suffix attaches to the end of a word and like the Prefix,  can never stand alone.   A word can have it's entire meaning changed by replacing one Suffix with another.   The Suffix is added to the Word Root to change or modify it's meaning.   The below Table will illustrate some these Suffixes.

COMMON SUFFIXES
SuffixMeaning
`ac, `alpertaining to
`algiapain
`ate, `izeuse, subject to
`cle, `culesmall
`cytecell
`emesisvomit
`emiablood condition
`gram, graphyrecording
`itesinflamation
`phobiaabnormal fear
`pneabreathing
`rrhageexcessive flow
`rrheaflow or discharge
`stomysurgical opening
`scopeinstrument to examine
`tomycutting, incision

Combining Form is a word root followed by a vowel to facilitate pronunciation.   It combines a word root with a suffix or other root.   The combining form is used to build a compound word.

COMMON COMBING FORMS
Combining FormMeaning
brachi/o`arm
cervic/o`neck
der/a`skin
dors/i`posterior
occipit/o`back of head
ophthalm/o`eye, eyes
ot/o`ear
tal/o`ankle
thorac/o`chest
ventr/o`anterior

Comments:

This is all for the terminology section of our site.  Please feel free to use as you wish.  As you can see, learning the medical terminolgy contained on this page could be very beneficial in the field of EMS.  As always, we welocme your input on our pages,  feel free to drop us a line.



This Site Designed and Maintained by:Lee Sampson/Flight Paramedic
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